How to Write a Bug Bounty Report in 2024

By Aditya Kumar

Updated on:

Bug bounty programs have become an integral part of cybersecurity, allowing ethical hackers to collaborate with organizations to identify and rectify vulnerabilities in their systems. However, the effectiveness of these programs relies heavily on the bug bounty reports submitted by ethical hackers. In this guide, we’ll delve into the essential steps and best practices on how to write a bug bounty report effectively.

How to Write a Bug Bounty Report

Understanding the Basics

What is a Bug Bounty Report?

A bug bounty report is a detailed document that outlines the discovery of a security vulnerability in a software application or system. Ethical hackers, also known as bug bounty hunters, use their skills to find and report these vulnerabilities to the organization in charge.

Why Are Bug Bounty Reports Important?

Bug bounty reports serve as a crucial communication channel between ethical hackers and organizations. They provide a clear and concise explanation of the identified security issues, enabling the organization’s security team to understand, reproduce, and ultimately fix the vulnerabilities.

Writing an Effective Bug Bounty Report

1. Thoroughly Document Your Findings

Begin by documenting every step you took during the discovery of the vulnerability. Provide a detailed account of the tools you used, the attack vectors explored, and any specific configurations that played a role in identifying the bug. This ensures that the organization can replicate your findings easily.

2. Include Clear and Concise Steps to Reproduce the Bug

Clearly outline the steps to reproduce the vulnerability. This information is vital for the organization’s security team to validate your findings and implement the necessary fixes. A well-documented and reproducible bug significantly increases the chances of a faster resolution.

3. Provide Supporting Evidence

Back up your findings with supporting evidence, such as screenshots, logs, or video recordings. This not only strengthens the credibility of your report but also helps the organization understand the severity of the vulnerability. Remember, a picture is worth a thousand words.

Read more: How to Become an Ethical Hacker Without a Degree in 2024

4. Explain the Impact

Clearly articulate the potential impact of the discovered vulnerability. Whether it’s a simple information leak or a critical remote code execution flaw, detailing the potential consequences helps the organization prioritize and address the issues accordingly.

5. Use a Simple and Structured Format

Organize your bug bounty report in a clear and structured format. Use headings (H2, H3) to break down different sections, making it easy for the readers to navigate. A well-organized report showcases professionalism and ensures that important details are not overlooked.

6. Avoid Jargon and Use Simple Language

Remember that your audience may include not only cybersecurity experts but also individuals from various departments within the organization. Use language that is easy to understand and avoids unnecessary technical jargon. This facilitates better comprehension and communication.

7. Include a Proof of Concept (PoC)

If possible, provide a proof of concept to demonstrate the vulnerability in action. A PoC helps the organization’s security team visualize the issue and accelerates the remediation process. Be sure to include the PoC as part of your bug bounty report.

8. Offer Mitigation Suggestions

Go the extra mile by providing suggestions for mitigating the identified vulnerability. While your primary role is to discover and report bugs, offering constructive advice on how to address the issue showcases your commitment to improving overall security.

9. Be Timely and Responsive

Submit your bug bounty report promptly after the discovery of the vulnerability. Additionally, be responsive to any inquiries or requests for clarification from the organization. Timeliness and responsiveness contribute to a smoother collaboration process.


In conclusion, writing an effective bug bounty report is a crucial skill for ethical hackers participating in bug bounty programs. Thorough documentation, clear reproduction steps, supporting evidence, and a simple yet structured format are key elements of a successful report. By following these best practices, ethical hackers can contribute significantly to enhancing the cybersecurity posture of organizations. Remember, the collaboration between ethical hackers and organizations is a vital partnership in the ever-evolving landscape of cybersecurity.

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